Welcome to FirstAid4Free

Welcome to my first aid site. I'm a first aid trainer and assessor. I've been teaching first aid for about 10 years now. Everyone should have some first aid knowledge for in the home and work place. Not everyone has the chance to attend a full first aid course so I'll provide some key first aid points every week.

Important Notice

The information on this site is for guidance only. The first aid procedures are those in the current edition of the First Aid Manual at the time of inclusion on the site. Attendance on a first aid course to practice these procedures is always recommended.


Nosebleeds are a very common problem in the home and work place. They are caused when the tiny blood vessels in the nostrils become ruptured. This normally occurs due to violent sneezing, nose picking or high blood pressure (hypertension). The main priorities are to stop the bleeding and maintain the casualty's airway.

  • Ask the casualty to sit down, tilt their head forward and pinch the soft part of their nose for 10 minutes. DO NOT allow the casualty to tilt their head backwards - this will cause them to swallow blood, possibly inducing vomiting and choking.
  • Reassure the casualty. Advise them to breathe slowly through their mouth. The casualty should avoid coughing, sniffing and swallowing during the nose pinch.
  • After 10 minutes ask the casualty to release their nose pinch. If bleeding persists they should re-pinch for up to 2 further periods of 10 minutes.
  • If bleeding has stopped cleanse the casualty's face with lukewarm water. Be sure to dispose of any used cleaning materials hygienically.
  • Advise the casualty to avoid exertion for a few hours after the bleeb. They should not blow their nose during this time.
IMPORTANT: If the bleed persists after the 3 x 10 minute nose pinches the casualty should seek medical attention.