Welcome to FirstAid4Free

Welcome to my first aid site. I'm a first aid trainer and assessor. I've been teaching first aid for about 10 years now. Everyone should have some first aid knowledge for in the home and work place. Not everyone has the chance to attend a full first aid course so I'll provide some key first aid points every week.

Important Notice

The information on this site is for guidance only. The first aid procedures are those in the current edition of the First Aid Manual at the time of inclusion on the site. Attendance on a first aid course to practice these procedures is always recommended.

Head Injuries 2: COMPRESSION

Cerebral compression is a build up
of pressure on the brain.

Cerebral compression is the condition when there is a build up of pressure pushing on the brain. This can be caused by bleeding in the skull or swelling of the brain tissue after a head injury. It can also occur as the result of an infection (eg. meningitis), stroke or brain tumour. Cerebral compression is a very serious condition and you must get help quickly.

  • Probably (but not always) a history of head injury.
  • Deteriorating level of response - casualty may become unconscious.
  • Intense headache.
  • Noisy breathing, becoming slow.
  • Slow, yet full and strong pulse.
  • Unequal pupil size.
  • Weakness or paralysis down one side of the face or body.
  • High temperature and flushed appearance.
  • Drowsiness.
  • Change of personality such as irritability or confusion.
  • Get urgent medical attention for the casualty

  • Dial for an ambulance immediately.
  • Monitor the casualty's level of responsiveness, breathing and pulse.
  • Open and maintain the casualty's airway if necessary.
  • Be prepared to give resuscitation if the casualty stops breathing.
DO NOT allow the casualty to eat, drink or smoke.